March 14, 1776
Alexander Hamilton is named captain of artillery company
On this day in 1776, Alexander Hamilton receives his commission as captain of a New York artillery company. Throughout the rest of 1776, Captain Hamilton established himself as a great military leader as he directed his artillery company in several battles in and around New York City. In March 1777, Hamilton’s performance came to the attention of General George Washington and he was commissioned lieutenant colonel and personal aide to General Washington in the Continental Army.
After serving under Washington for four years, Hamilton resigned in February 1781 after a dispute with the general, but remained in the army. In July 1781, Hamilton took a position as commander of a regiment of New York troops and served with distinction at the Battle of Yorktown in the fall of that year.
After resigning from the army and working at a law practice, Hamilton was elected to the Continental Congress from New York in 1782, where he quickly became known as a proponent of a stronger national government. In the years to come, Hamilton became well-known for his political philosophy and published several papers with James Madison and John Jay that became known as the “Federalist Papers.”
Hamilton became the first secretary of the treasury in September 1789 after the election of President George Washington and served in that office until resigning in January 1795. Hamilton then returned to the private sector and a law practice in New York City, but remained a close advisor to President Washington.
In 1800, Hamilton became embroiled in a bitter dispute when he threw his support behind President John Adams’ reelection campaign instead of presidential candidate Aaron Burr’s. After his defeat, Burr ran for governor of New York in 1804; Hamilton again opposed his candidacy. Humiliated, Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel on July 11, 1804, in Weehawken, New Jersey. Alexander Hamilton was shot in the duel and died of his wound the following day, July 12, in New York at the age of 49.
“Alexander Hamilton is named captain of artillery company.” 2009. The History Channel website. 14 Mar 2009, 01:12 http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=310.
1743 – First American town meeting was held at Boston’s Faneuil Hall.
1794 – Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin.
1900 – U.S. currency went on the gold standard with the ratification of the Gold Standard Act.
1901 – Utah Governor Heber M. Wells vetoed a bill that would have relaxed restrictions on polygamy.
1914 – Henry Ford announced the new continuous motion method to assemble cars. The process decreased the time to make a car from 12½ hours to 93 minutes.
1918 – An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.
1936 – Adolf Hitler told a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself.
1938 – Germany invaded Austria. A union of Austria and Germany was proclaimed by Adolf Hitler.
1939 – Hungary occupied the Carpatho-Ukraine. Slovakia declared its independence.
1945 – In Germany, a 22,000 pound “Grand Slam” bomb was dropped by the Royal Air Force Dumbuster Squad on the Beilefeld railway viaduct. It was the heaviest bomb used during World War II.
1947 – Moscow announced that 890,532 German POWs were held in the U.S.S.R.
1954 – The Viet Minh launched an assault on Dien Bien Phu in Saigon.
1976 – Egypt formally abrogated the 1971 Treaty Friendship and Cooperation with the Soviet Union.
March 14, 1969
Nixon discusses the possibility of U.S. troop withdrawals
At a news conference, President Richard Nixon says there is no prospect for a U.S. troop reduction in the foreseeable future because of the ongoing enemy offensive. Nixon stated that the prospects for withdrawal would hinge on the level of enemy activity, progress in the Paris peace talks, and the ability of the South Vietnamese to defend themselves. Despite these public comments, Nixon and his advisers were secretly discussing U.S. troop withdrawals. On June 8, at a conference on Midway Island with South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu, Nixon formally announced a new policy that included intensified efforts to increase the combat capability of the South Vietnamese armed forces so that U.S. forces could be gradually withdrawn. This program became known as “Vietnamization.” The first U.S. troop withdrawals occurred in the fall of 1969 with the departure of the headquarters and a brigade from the 9th Infantry Division.
“Nixon discusses the possibility of U.S. troop withdrawals.” 2009. The History Channel website. 14 Mar 2009, 01:13 http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=1728.