Archive for January, 2008



27
Jan
08

On This Day 1-27-08: Boxer Rebellion

1606 – The trial of Guy Fawkes and his fellow conspirators began. They were executed on January 31. http://www.bonefire.org/guy/gunpowder.php

1870 – Kappa Alpha Theta, the first women’s sorority, was founded at Indiana Asbury University (now DePauw University) in Greencastle, IN.

1880 – Thomas Edison patented the electric incandescent lamp.

1888 – The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, DC.

1900 – In China, foreign diplomats in Peking, fearing a revolt, demanded that the imperial government discipline the Boxer rebels. http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/fists.html

1926 – John Baird, a Scottish inventor, demonstrated a pictorial transmission machine called television.

1927 – United Independent Broadcasters Inc. started a radio network with contracts with 16 stations. The company later became Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS).

1943 – During World War II, the first all American air raid against Germany took place when about 50 bombers attacked Wilhlemshaven.

1944 – The Soviet Union announced that the two year German siege of Leningrad had come to an end.

1945 – Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

1951 – In the U.S., atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.

1967 – At Cape Kennedy, FL, astronauts Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo I spacecraft.

1967 – More than 60 nations signed the Outer Space Treaty which banned the orbiting of nuclear weapons and placing weapons on celestial bodies or space stations.

1973 – The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.

1977 – The Vatican reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church’s ban on female priests.

1997 – It was revealed that French national museums were holding nearly 2,000 works of art stolen from Jews by the Nazis during World War II.

First Open Door Note (1899)

Department of State, Washington, September 6, 1899

At the time when the Government of the United States was informed by that of Germany that it had leased from His Majesty the Emperor of China the port of Kiao-chao and the adjacent territory in the province of Shantung, assurances were given to the ambassador of the United States at Berlin by the Imperial German minister for foreign affairs that the rights and privileges insured by treaties with China to citizens of the United States would not thereby suffer or be in anywise impaired within the area over which Germany had thus obtained control.

More recently, however, the British Government recognized by a formal agreement with Germany the exclusive right of the latter country to enjoy in said leased area and the contiguous “sphere of influence or interest” certain privileges, more especially those relating to railroads and mining enterprises; but as the exact nature and extent of the rights thus recognized have not been clearly defined, it is possible that serious conflicts of interest may at any time arise not only between British and German subjects within said area, but that the interests of our citizens may also be jeopardized thereby.

Earnestly desirous to remove any cause of irritation and to insure at the same time to the commerce of all nations in China the undoubted benefits which should accrue from a formal recognition by the various powers claiming “spheres of interest” that they shall enjoy perfect equality of treatment for their commerce and navigation within such “spheres,” the Government of the United States would be pleased to see His German Majesty’s Government give formal assurances, and lend its cooperation in securing like assurances from the other interested powers, that each, within its respective sphere of whatever influence–

First. Will in no way interfere with any treaty port or any vested interest within any so-called “sphere of interest” or leased territory it may have in China.

Second. That the Chinese treaty tariff of the time being shall apply to all merchandise landed or shipped to all such ports as are within said “sphere of interest” (unless they be “free ports”), no matter to what nationality it may belong, and that duties so leviable shall be collected by the Chinese Government.

Third. That it will levy no higher harbor dues on vessels of another nationality frequenting any port in such “sphere” than shall be levied on vessels of its own nationality, and no higher railroad charges over lines built, controlled, or operated within its “sphere” on merchandise belonging to citizens or subjects of other nationalities transported through such “sphere” than shall be levied on similar merchandise belonging to its own nationals transported over equal distances.

The liberal policy pursued by His Imperial German Majesty in declaring Kiao-chao a free port and in aiding the Chinese Government in the establishment there of a customhouse are so clearly in line with the proposition which this Government is anxious to see recognized that it entertains the strongest hope that Germany will give its acceptance and hearty support. The recent ukase of His Majesty the Emperor of Russia declaring the port of Ta-lien-wan open during the whole of the lease under which it is held from China to the merchant ships of all nations, coupled with the categorical assurances made to this Government by His Imperial Majesty’s representative at this capital at the time and since repeated to me by the present Russian ambassador, seem to insure the support of the Emperor to the proposed measure. Our ambassador at the Court of St. Petersburg has in consequence, been instructed to submit it to the Russian Government and to request their early consideration of it. A copy of my instruction on the subject to Mr. Tower is herewith inclosed for your confidential information.

The commercial interests of Great Britain and Japan will be so clearly observed by the desired declaration of intentions, and the views of the Governments of these countries as to the desirability of the adoption of measures insuring the benefits of equality of treatment of all foreign trade throughout China are so similar to those entertained by the United States, that their acceptance of the propositions herein outlined and their cooperation in advocating their adoption by the other powers can be confidently expected. I inclose herewith copy of the instruction which I have sent to Mr. Choate on the subject.

In view of the present favorable conditions, you are instructed to submit the above considerations to His Imperial German Majesty’s Minister for L Foreign Affairs, and to request his early consideration of the subject.

Text prepared by the U.S. Historical Documents collection at Wiretap.Spies and converted to HTML by Jim Zwick
for From Revolution to Reconstruction – an .HTML project.
Last update: 2003-4-18 time: 08:37
© 1994- 2008. All rights reserved.
Department of Humanities Computing

http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/D/1876-1900/foreignpolicy/opendr.htm

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26
Jan
08

Ice Fishing

Snowshoeing 020

A man phones home from his office and tells his wife: “Something has just come up. I have a chance to go fishing for a week. Its the opportunity of a lifetime. We leave right away. So pack my clothes, my fishing equipment and especially my blue silk pajamas. I’ll be home in an hour to pick them up.”
He goes home in a hurry and grabs everything and rushes off.
A week later he returns.
His wife asks: “Did you have a good trip, dear.”
He says “Oh yes it was great. But you forgot to pack my blue silk pajamas.”
His wife smiles and says, “Oh no I didn’t. I put them in your tackle box!”

http://www.screamingreel.com/jokes.html

Ice Fishing

These two guys upnort wanted to go ice fishing, so they went to a bait shop. They got some bait and two boxes of icepicks. They went up to the clerk and payed for them. After that they went to the lake. About two hours later they came back to the bait shop and bought another two boxes of icepicks. When they went to pay for them, the clerk said, “Man, you must be catching a lot.” One of the guys told the clerk, “Heck no, we haven’t even got the boat in the water yet!”

http://www.jokesaround.com/j/3307.html

Ice Fishing

An old man walked out onto a frozen lake on a bitter cold winter day. He drilled a hole in the ice, sat on his bucket, put his fishing line in the water and eagerly waited for a fish to bite.
He was there for almost five hours without even a nibble when a young boy walked out, drilled a hole in the ice and sat on his bucket not far from the old man. It only took about one minute and BAM! A huge walleye bit his hook and the boy pulled in the fish.
The old man couldn’t believe it and figured it was just luck. Yet, the boy put his fish line in again and within just two minutes he pulled in another huge walleye!
This went on and on until finally the old man couldn’t stand it any more. He hadn’t caught a fish all day. He went to the boy and said, “Boy, I’ve been here nearly all day without even a nibble. You have been here only a few minutes and have caught TEN huge fish! How do you do it?”
The boy said, “Oo af o rep ra rums rm.”
“What,” asked the old man?
Again the boy said, “Oo af o rep ra rums rm.”
Freezing and impatient the old man yelled “Look, I can’t understand a word you are saying.”
So, the boy took off his gloves, spit a clump of stuff into his hands and said, “You have to keep the worms warm!!”

http://www.arcamax.com/jokes/s-280116-190333

25
Jan
08

On This Day 1-25-08

1533 – England’s King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife Anne Boleyn. Boleyn later gave birth to Elizabeth I.

1579 – The Treaty of Utrecht was signed marking the beginning of the Dutch Republic.

1799 – Eliakim Spooner patented the seeding machine.

1881 – Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell and others signed an agreement to organize the Oriental Telephone Company.

1890 – The United Mine Workers of America was founded.

1915 – In New York, Alexander Graham Bell spoke to his assistant in San Francisco, inaugurating the first transcontinental telephone service.

1924 – The 1st Winter Olympic Games were inaugurated in Chamonix in the French Alps.

1937 – NBC radio presented the first broadcast of “The Guiding Light.” The show remained on radio until 1956 and began on CBS-TV in 1952.

1946 – The United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of Labor.

1961 – John F. Kennedy presented the first live presidential news conference from Washington, DC. The event was carried on radio and television.

1971 – Charles Manson and three female members of his “family” were found guilty of one count of conspiracy to commit murder and seven counts of murder in the first degree. They were all sentenced to life imprisonment for the 1969 killings.

1971 – Maj. Gen. Idi Amin led a coup that deposed Milton Obote and became president of Uganda.

1981 – Jiang Qing, Mao’s widow, was tried for treason and received a death sentence, which was subsequently commuted to life imprisonment.

1981 – The 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States and were reunited with their families.

1995 – Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after a Norwegian research rocket is mistaken for missile attack by the Russian early-warning radar station.

2001 – A minor earthquake hit northeastern Ohio. The quake measured only 4.2 on the Richter Scale.

“Sometimes we stare so long at a door that is closing that we see too late the one that is open.”

Alexander Graham Bell quote

“The nation that secures control of the air will ultimately control the world.”

Alexander Graham Bell quote

Seriously!  Go here: http://uncyclopedia.org/wiki/All_work_and_no_play_makes_Jack_a_dull_boy

24
Jan
08

On This Day 1-24-08

1848 – James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter’s Mill in northern California. The discovery led to the gold rush of ’49.

1916 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that income tax was unconstitutional.

1935 – Krueger Brewing Company placed the first canned beer on sale in Richmond, VA.

1985 – Penny Harrington became the first woman police chief of a major city. She assumed the duties as head of the Portland, Oregon, force of 940 officers and staff.

1986 – The Voyager 2 space probe flew past Uranus. The probe came within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet of the solar system.

1987 – In Lebanon, gunmen kidnapped educators Alann Steen, Jesse Turner, Robert Polhill and Mitheleshwar Singh. They were all later released.

1988 – Nothing of any importance happened.

1989 – Ted Bundy, the confessed serial killer, was put to death in Florida‘s electric chair for the 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Kimberly Leach.

1990 – Japan launched the first probe to be sent to the Moon since 1976. A small satellite was placed in lunar orbit.

******

The office of Homeland Security announced it is investigating a connection between Al Qaeda and nothing mysteriously happening on this day in 1988.

Congress has agreed to approve twenty-five million dollars toward the investigation into Al Qaeda and nothing happening on this day in 1988.

The President calls the investigation “time and money well spent.”

******

One day a florist goes to a barber for a haircut. After the cut he asked about his bill and the barber replies, ‘I cannot accept money from you. I’m doing community service this week.’ The florist was pleased and left the shop.

When the barber goes to open his shop the next morning there is a ‘thank you’ card and a dozen roses waiting for him at his door.

Later, a cop comes in for a haircut, and when he tries to pay his bill, the barber again replies, ‘I cannot accept money from you. I’m doing community service this week.’ The cop is happy and leaves the shop.

The next morning when the barber goes to open up there is a ‘thank you’ card and a dozen donuts waiting for him at his door.

Later that day, a college professor comes in for a haircut, and when he tries to pay his bill, the barber again replies, ‘I cannot accept money from you. I’m doing community service this week.’ The professor is very happy and leaves the shop.

The next morning when the barber opens his shop, there is a ‘thank you’ card and a dozen different books, such as ‘How to Improve Your Business’ and ‘Becoming More Successful.’

Then, a Congressman comes in for a haircut, and when he goes to pay his bill the barber again replies, ‘I cannot accept money from you. I’m doing community service this week.’ The Congressman is very happy and leaves the shop.

The next morning when the barber goes to open up, there are a dozen Congressmen lined up waiting for a free haircut.

23
Jan
08

On This Day, 1-23-08: Insulin

1922: Insulin injection aids diabetic patient

In Toronto, Canada, 14 year old boy Leonard Thompson becomes the first person to receive insulin as treatment for diabetes. Diabetes has been recognized as a distinct medical condition for more than 3,000 years, but its exact cause was a mystery until the 1920s.

In the early 20th century, the only way to treat the fatal disease was through a diet low in carbohydrates and sugar and high in fat and protein. Instead of dying shortly after diagnosis, this diet allowed diabetics to live for about a year. A breakthrough came at the University of Toronto in the summer of 1921, when Canadians Frederick Banting and Charles Best successfully removed the pancreas-secreted protein insulin from test animals, producing diabetic symptoms, and then began a program of insulin injection that returned the animals to normalcy.

This experiment confirmed their theory that diabetes was caused by a lack of insulin, which metabolizes sugar. With the aid of other scientists, Banting and Best extracted insulin from the pancreases of cattle from slaughterhouses and began treating Leonard Thompson. The teenager improved dramatically. By 1923, insulin had become widely available, saving countless lives around the world.

Source: http://www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/site/this_day_in_history/this_day_January_23.php

1556 – An earthquake in Shanxi Province, China, was thought to have killed about 830,000 people.

1849 – English-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to receive medical degree. It was from the Medical Institution of Geneva, NY.

1907 – Charles Curtis, of Kansas, began serving in the United States Senate. He was the first American Indian to become a U.S. Senator. He resigned in March of 1929 to become U.S. President Herbert Hoover’s Vice President.

1920 – The Dutch government refused the demands from the Allies to hand over the ex-kaiser of Germany.

1937 – In Moscow, seventeen people went on trial during Josef Stalin’s “Great Purge.”

1941 – In America, Charles Lindbergh testifies before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, suggesting that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Hitler.

1943 – The British captured Tripoli from the Germans.

1968 – North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the nation’s territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.

1971 – In Prospect Creek Camp, AK, the lowest temperature ever recorded in the U.S. was reported as minus 80 degrees.

1973 – U.S. President Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.

1977 – The TV mini-series “Roots,” began airing on ABC. The show was based on the Alex Haley novel.

1989 – Surrealist artist Salvador Dali died in Spain at age 84.

22
Jan
08

Humor:

What was Elvis’s last great hit?
The bathroom floor!

What would Elvis be doing now if he was alive?
Scratching on his coffin lid!

http://morticom.com/jokeselvis.htm

‘Historian Roy Medvedev looked through the files of Stalin’s political prisoners and concluded that 200,000 people were imprisoned for telling jokes, such as this: Three prisoners in the gulag get to talking about why they are there. “I am here because I always got to work five minutes late, and they charged me with sabotage,” says the first. “I am here because I kept getting to work five minutes early, and they charged me with spying,” says the second. “I am here because I got to work on time every day,” says the third, “and they charged me with owning a western watch.” ’

http://beatroot.blogspot.com/2006/04/hammer-and-tickle-communist-joke-book.html

I tried to find some good Russian Gulag jokes, but there just aren’t any, although this site is kind of funny.  Give it a try, it won’t hurt: http://www.loanmeyoursister.com/index.php?tag=pics

******
I WAS sitting on the beach with my niece’s two young sons while their mother was gathering shells in the distance.  Suddenly, the serenity was shattered by the frantic screams of a young girl on a surfboard, who was being carried out to sea by the current.  In a split second the boys were in the surf, swimming after the terrified girl.  In no time they had her safely back on shore.  I was so proud of their selfless action that on their mother’s return I told her what had happened, adding, “You should have seen them, you would have been so proud too.”   “Oh!” she exclaimed.  Then, after a pause, added, “That’s their surfboard.”

******

A 110-year-old man is having his annual checkup. The doctor asks him how he’s feeling.

“I’ve never felt better,” he replies. “I’ve got an eighteen-year-old bride who’s pregnant with my child. What do you think about that?”

The doctor thinks for a moment and says, “Let me tell you a story. I know a guy who’s an avid hunter. He never misses a season but one day he’s in a bit of a hurry and accidentally grabs his umbrella instead of his gun. So, he’s walking in the woods near a creek and suddenly spots a beaver in some brush in front of him. He raises his umbrella, points it at the beaver, squeezes the handle, and BAM! the beaver drops dead in front of him.”

That’s impossible,” said the old man in disbelief, “someone else must have shot that beaver!”

“Exactly,” said the doctor.

21
Jan
08

Martin Luther King Jr

“I have a Dream”

Delivered August 28, 1963 in Washington DC.

Realmedia

For the complete text of this speech follow this link: http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/publications/speeches/address_at_march_on_washington.pdf

Emancipation Proclamation–First Draft

In pursuance of the sixth section of the act of congress entitled “An act to suppress insurrection and to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes” Approved July 17, 1862, and which act, and the Joint Resolution explanatory thereof, are herewith published, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim to, and warn all persons within the contemplation of said sixth section to cease participating in, aiding, countenancing, or abetting the existing rebellion, or any rebellion against the government of the United States, and to return to their proper allegiance to the United States, on pain of the forfeitures and seizures, as within and by said sixth section provided.

And I hereby make known that it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of congress, to again recommend the adoption of a practical measure for tendering pecuniary aid to the free choice or rejection, of any and all States which may then be recognizing and practically sustaining the authority of the United States, and which may then have voluntarily adopted, or thereafter may voluntarily adopt, gradual abolishment of slavery within such State or States–that the object is to practically restore, thenceforward to be maintain[ed], the constitutional relation between the general government, and each, and all the states, wherein that relation is now suspended, or disturbed; and that, for this object, the war, as it has been, will be, prosecuted. And, as a fit and necessary military measure for effecting this object, I, as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, do order and declare that on the first day of January in the year of Our Lord one thousand, eight hundred and sixtythree, all persons held as slaves within any state or states, wherein the constitutional authority of the United States shall not then be practically recognized, submitted to, and maintained, shall then, thenceforward, and forever, be free.

Emancipation Proclamation
as first sketched and
shown to the Cabinet in
July 1862.

http://www.civilwar.si.edu/lincoln_first_reading.html#




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