13
Oct
08

On This Day, 10-13-2008: The Republic of Texas

October 13, 1845

Texans ratify a state constitution and approve annexation

On this day in 1845, a majority of the citizens of the independent Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that when accepted by the Congress, will make Texas the 28th American state.

Despite having fought a war to win their independence from their old colonial master, Mexico, the people of Texas had long been eager to become part of the United States. Under the leadership of the Republic’s first president, Sam Houston, Texas had proclaimed its independence from Mexico in 1836, while simultaneously indicating a desire to be annexed to the United States. But while many Americans were willing to see the massive Texan Republic join their nation, Congress refused at the urging of influential northern abolitionists who claimed that Texas was controlled by a “slaveocracy conspiracy” of southerners.

The political climate shifted in the favor of Texas with the presidential election of 1844, when the victory of James K. Polk was widely seen as a mandate from the people to bring Texas into the American fold. But before Polk could take office, President John Tyler beat him to the punch by securing a congressional resolution calling for annexation. With the strong approval of most Texans, Polk signed the legislation making Texas an American state on December 29, 1845. Ominously, the Mexican minister had meanwhile warned the U.S. that his nation would consider annexation an act of war and demanded his passport in preparation for departure. Mexico and the United States would be at war within a year.

“Texans ratify a state constitution and approve annexation.” 2008. The History Channel website. 12 Oct 2008, 04:50 http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=4305.

On This Day

54 A.D. – The Roman emperor Claudius I died after being poisoned by his wife, Agrippina.

1775 – The U.S. Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.

1792 – The cornerstone of the Executive Mansion was laid in Washington, DC. The building became known as the White House in 1818.

1812 – American forces were defeated at the Battle of Queenstown Heights. The British victory effectively ended an further U.S. invasion of Canada.

1943 – During World War II, Italy signed an armistice with the Allies and declared war on Germany.

1944 – During World War II, British and Greek advance units landed at Piraeus.

1977 – Four Palestinians hijacked an Lufthansa airliner to Somalia. They demanded the release of members of the Red Army Faction.

1981 – Egyptian voters elected Vice President Hosni Mubarak as the new president one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.

1990 – Le Duc Tho died at the age of 79. He was a co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party.

October 13, 1843

B’nai B’rith founded

B’nai B’rith, the oldest Jewish service organization in the world, is founded in New York City by Henry Jones and 11 others. B’nai B’rith, meaning “Sons of the Covenant,” organized its first lodge in November, and Isaac Dittenhoefer was elected the first president. The fraternal organization went on to become a national leader in charity work and disaster relief, and in 1913 it formed the Anti-Defamation League to combat anti-Semitism. Today, some 500,000 men and women are members of B’nai B’rith.

“B’nai B’rith founded.” 2008. The History Channel website. 12 Oct 2008, 05:00 http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=5433.

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1 Response to “On This Day, 10-13-2008: The Republic of Texas”


  1. October 13, 2008 at 6:44 pm

    Very good information. Excellent page. I live in Mexico. is the better country.


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