Posts Tagged ‘Friedrich Engels

21
Feb
08

On This Day, 2-21-08: Das Kapital

1848: Marx publishes manifesto

The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx with the assistance of Friedrich Engels, is published in London on 21 February 1848. Karl Marx was born in Prussia in 1818, the son of a Jewish lawyer who converted to Lutheranism. After moving to Paris in 1843 he began a lifelong career as the intellectual leader of communist movement.

Expelled from France he settled in Brussels, where he wrote The Communist Manifesto. The political pamphlet opens with the dramatic words, ‘A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of communism’, and ends by declaring, ‘The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workers of the world, unite!’

Marx was later expelled from Brussels and moved to London, where he and his family lived in poverty while he continued to publish. There he composed his major work Das Kapital, which prophesied the inevitable self-destruction of the capitalist system and became the foundation of international communism. He died penniless and was buried at Highgate Cemetery, but his ideas lived on and fundamentally shaped the twentieth century.

http://www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/site/this_day_in_history/this_day_February_21.php

1804 – The first self-propelled locomotive on rails was demonstrated in Wales.

1866 – Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school. The school was the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.

1878 – The first telephone directories issued in the U.S. were distributed to residents in New Haven, CT. It was a single page of only fifty names.

1916 – During World War I, the Battle of Verdun began in France. The battle ended on December 18, 1916 with a French victory over Germany.

1932 – William N. Goodwin patented the camera exposure meter.

1947 – Edwin Land demonstrated the Polaroid Land Camera to the Optical Society of America in New York City. It was the first camera to take, develop and print a picture on photo paper all in about 60 seconds. The photos were black and white. The camera went on sale the following year.

1965 – Malcolm X was assassinated in New York City at the age of 39 by assassins identified as Black Muslims.

1975 – Former U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman were sentenced to 2 1/2 to 8 years in prison for their roles in the Watergate cover-up.

1995 – Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon. He landed in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Dedication to Das Kapital
TO MY UNFORGETTABLE FRIEND
W i l h e l m
W o l f f
INTREPID, FAITHFUL,
NOBLE PROTAGONIST OF THE PROLETARIAT
Born in Tarnau on June 21, 1809
Died in exile in Manchester on May 9, 1864

http://www.bibliomania.com/2/1/261/1294/frameset.html

” Communism is a society without money, without a state, without property and without social classes.

People come together to carry out a project or to respond

to some need of the human community but

without the possibility

of their collective activity

taking the form of an enterprise

that involves wages and the exchange of its products.

The circulation of goods is not accomplished

by means of exchange: quite the contrary,

the by-word for this society is

from each according to their abilities, to each according to their needs”.

http://clsuk.tripod.com/daskapital/

A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything.
Malcolm X

Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today.
Malcolm X

You’re not supposed to be so blind with patriotism that you can’t face reality. Wrong is wrong, no matter who says it.
Malcolm X

The Communist Manifesto 

A spectre is haunting Europe — the spectre of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies.

Where is the party in opposition that has not been decried as communistic by its opponents in power? Where is the opposition that has not hurled back the branding reproach of communism, against the more advanced opposition parties, as well as against its reactionary adversaries?

Two things result from this fact:

I. Communism is already acknowledged by all European powers to be itself a power.

II. It is high time that Communists should openly, in the face of the whole world, publish their views, their aims, their tendencies, and meet this nursery tale of the spectre of communism with a manifesto of the party itself.

http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html

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