Posts Tagged ‘Gemini 7


On This Day 12-15: The Price of Hegemony

he·gem·o·ny /hɪˈdʒɛməni, ˈhɛdʒəˌmoʊni/ Pronunciation Key – Show Spelled Pronunciation[hi-jemuh-nee, hejuh-moh-nee] Pronunciation Key – Show IPA Pronunciation

–noun, plural -nies.

leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others, as in a confederation.

leadership; predominance.

(esp. among smaller nations) aggression or expansionism by large nations in an effort to achieve world domination.

[Origin: 1560–70; < Gk hégemonía leadership, supremacy, equiv. to hégemon- (s. of hégemn) leader + -ia -y3]Source: – In the U.S., the first ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, went into effect following ratification by the state of Virginia.1877 – Thomas Edison patented the phonograph.

1890 – American Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull and 11 other tribe members were killed in Grand River, SD, during an incident with Indian police working for the U.S. government.

1938 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt presided over the ground-breaking ceremonies for the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC.

1944 – A single-engine plane carrying U.S. Army Major Glenn Miller disappeared in thick fog over the English Channel while en route to Paris.

1944 – American forces invaded Mindoro Island in the Philippines.

1961 – Former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death in Jerusalem by an Israeli court. He had been tried on charges for organizing the deportation of Jews to concentration camps.

1961 – The U.N. General Assembly voted against a Soviet proposal to admit Communist China as a member.

1965 – Two U.S. manned spacecraft, Gemini 6 and Gemini 7, maneuvered within 10 feet of each other while in orbit around the Earth.

1970 – The Soviet probe Venera 7 became the first spacecraft to land softly on the surface of Venus. The probe only survived the extreme heat and pressure for about 23 minutes and transmitted the first data received on Earth from the surface of another planet.

1978 – U.S. President Carter announced he would grant diplomatic recognition to Communist China on New Year’s Day and sever official relations with Taiwan.*

1992 – El Salvador’s government and leftist guerrilla leaders formally declared the end of the country’s 12-year civil war.**

*A Diplomatic Mission had been opened under the Nixon administration.  The deal with China to get full diplomatic relations not only included severing diplomatic ties with Taiwan, it also meant supporting a Chinese incursion into Vietnam.  The Chinese incursion into Vietnam was meant to draw the Vietnamese out of Cambodia, China’s ally.  The Carter administration also agreed, as part of the deal, to give military, medical, and economic aid to Cambodia.  The Cambodian government at that time was led by Pol Pot.  With the Vietnamese gone from Pol Pot’s Cambodia, he was then able to continue his genocide of his own people.  It is estimated that Pol Pot killed between one million and four million Cambodians.

**This was a very brutal war.  For more information lookup El Mozote’ or follow this link to read Mark Danner’s account:  This ain’t for the faint of heart.


On This Day 12-4

Always recognize that human individuals are ends, and do not use them as a means to your end.
Immanuel Kant

1783 – Gen. George Washington said farewell to his officers at Fraunces Tavern in New York.

I know I’m not the first to make the comparison, but George Washington and Cincinnatus must have had the same virtues.

Cincinnatus was plowing his field, when he learned he had been appointed dictator. The Romans had appointed Cincinnatus dictator for six months so he could defend the Romans against the neighboring Aequi who had surrounded the Roman army and the consul Minucius in the Alban Hills. Cincinnatus rose to the occasion, defeated the Aequi, made them pass under the yoke to show their subjugation, gave up the title of dictator sixteen days after it had been granted, and promptly returned to his farm.  ( )

Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it.
George Santayana

1812 – Peter Gaillard patented the power mower.

1918 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson set sail for France to attend the Versailles Peace Conference. Wilson became the first chief executive to travel to Europe while in office.

1942 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the dismantling of the Works Progress Administration. The program had been created in order to provide jobs during the Great Depression.

1942 – U.S. bombers attacked the Italian mainland for the first time during World War II.

1945 – The U.S. Senate approved American participation in the United Nations.

1965 – The U.S. launched Gemini 7 with Air Force Lt. Col. Frank Borman and Navy Comdr. James A. Lovell on board.

1973 – Pioneer 10 reached Jupiter.

1978 – Dianne Feinstein became San Francisco’s first woman mayor when she was named to replace George Moscone, who had been murdered.

1991 – Pan American World Airways ceased operations.

1993 – The Angolan government and its UNITA guerrilla foes formally adopted terms for a truce. The conflict was killing an estimated 1,000 people per day.

Anyone who doesn’t regret the passing of the Soviet Union has no heart. Anyone who wants it restored has no brains.
Vladimir Putin

A kingdom founded on injustice never lasts.
Lucius Annaeus Seneca

January 2020
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